Reminders for the Cold and Flu Season

Posted: January 15, 2019

Act and Help Minimize Exposure during Cold/Flu Season

Differences between Cold and Flu:

  • Flu and the common cold are both respiratory illnesses but are caused by different viruses.
  • These two illnesses have similar symptoms.
  • Flu symptoms are worse than the common cold.
  • The common cold is more likely to cause a runny or stuffy nose.
  • Flu can include a fever, feeling chills, muscle or body aches, and headaches.
  • Flu symptoms have a sudden onset, whereas the common cold have a gradual onset.

Protect your children with the Flu Vaccine:

  • Best way to prevent seasonal flu is to get vaccinated every year.Influenza (flu) is a contagious viral infection that affects the respiratory system. Children are especially vulnerable to becoming sick with the flu because of exposure in classrooms.
  • Take antiviral drugs, if prescribed by a doctor – these are most effective within 2 days of getting sick.
  • The CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24hrs after your fever is gone without the use of fever-reducing medicine.

Signs and symptoms

Common Cold Influenza (flu)

Sneezing

Fever or feeling feverish/chills

Coughing

Cough

Runny or stuffy nose

Muscle or body aches

Sore throat

Headaches

Slight fatigue

Fatigue

Runny or stuffy nose

Sore throat

Good health habits can help stop germs:

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too.
  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing.
  • Clean your hands often – if soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces at home, work, or school especially when someone is ill.
  • Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food.

*Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD)